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Gender and Politics

> About

This program continues the program “The Logic of Gender in the Greek and Roman World” from 2010-2013 by opening up the field explicitly to social and political topics related to questions of difference and domination (by categorization and hierarchization). Its point of departure is taken from analyses of the Archaic and Classical Greek world considered as the matrix of a fantasy of gender that changes over time. Our work is closely connected with current research on this “period,” which remains a privileged space for our investigation and reflections on the periodization of the history of gender. Adopting a consistent approach of historicizing the concepts of sex, identity, and sexuality in Greek and Roman Antiquity, we will highlight ancient practices of social differentiation and consider the way in which gender (understood here as the symbolic representation of masculine and feminine) discloses social and political divisions. This approach relies on a social history of relations and representations and entails working with all kinds of documents. In particular, leaving behind contemporary preconceptions, we will examine how the ancients (while taking into consideration the geographical and chronological range of their points of view) treated – including their ignorance of it – what we call the difference between the sexes. We will thus attempt to distinguish social identities created according to spheres of activity, to measure their fixity and fluidity (in particular, by paying attention to criteria of social status and age), and to question the common notion that ancient societies were fundamentally organized according to the gender division.
The workgroup on gender was founded in 2000-2001 by the Phéacie team (hosted by Paris 1 and Paris 7) founded by Louise Bruit and Pauline Schmitt Pantel. It has been continuing its activities within ANHIMA since January 2010 with the creation of the UMR 8210. It has held three international seminars at Épineuil (in the Yonne Department) : 2010, 2011, 2013.

> Publications

Problèmes du genre en Grèce ancienne, coordonné en collaboration avec Nathalie Ernoult, Paris, Publications de la Sorbonne, 2007 (traduction en grec : ΠΡΟΒΛΗΜΑΤΑ ΤΟΥ ΦΥΛΟΥ ΣΤΗΝ ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ, Thessalonique, University studio Press, 2009).

Hommes et femmes dans l’Antiquité grecque et romaine, ouvrage dirigé en collaboration avec Sandra Boehringer, Paris, A. Colin, 2011.

Des femmes en action. L’individu et la fonction en Grèce ancienne, Mètis hors-série 2013, ouvrage collectif dirigé en collaboration avec Sandra Boehringer, Paris-Athènes, éd. de l’EHESS et éd. Daedalus, 2013.

> Participants

ANHIMA members (including doctoral students))

Philippe Akar, Jean-Noël Allard (doct. Paris 1), Marie Augier (post-doc IEC 2014-2015), Vincent Azoulay (Pr, Paris-Est Marne la Vallée), Serge Bardet (MC, Paris-Est Evry Val d’Essonne), Jean-Baptiste Bonnard (MC, Univ. de Caen), Louise Bruit (Pr émérite, Paris 7), Claude Calame (Dr., EHESS), Hélène Castelli, Jean-Christophe Couvenhes (MC, Paris IV), Sébastien Dalmon (Paris 7), Madalina Dana (MC, Paris 1), Aurélie Damet (MC, Paris 1), Nathalie Ernoult (Paris 7), Florence Gherchanoc (MC, Paris 7),Romain Guicharrousse, Paulin Ismard (MC, Paris 1), Irène Kyriacou (doct. EHESS), Sophie Lalanne (MC, Paris 1), Bernard Legras (Pr, Paris 1), Letticia Leite, François Lissarrague (Dr, EHESS), Philippe Moreau (Pr émérite, Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne), Marella Nappi, Pauline Schmitt Pantel (Pr émérite, Paris 1), Violaine Sebillotte (Pr, Paris 1), Anastasia Serghidou, Nicolas Siron, Marie-Laure Sronek, Anne-Emmanuelle Veisse (MC, Paris 1), Andreas Wittenburg

Others (including doctoral students)

Adeline Aam (doct. Strasbourg), Catherine Baroin (MC, Rouen), Lydie Bodiou (MC, Poitiers), Sandra Boehringer (MC, Strasbourg, UMR 7044), Ida Brancaccio (doct. Naples), Romain Brethes (Lycée Janson-de-Sailly, Paris), Marine Bretin Chabrol (MC, Lyon 3), Luc Brisson (CNRS), Anna Chiaese (doct. Naples), Véronique Dasen (Pr, Fribourg, Suisse), Lillian Doherty (Pr, Maryland, USA), Valeria Gavrylenko (Académie Mohyla de Kiev, Ukraine), Adeline Grand-Clément (MC, Toulouse II), Elke Hartmann (MC, Humboldt, Allemagne), Ana Iriarte (Pr, Vais Vasco, Espagne), Annie Larivée (Pr, Carleton, Canada), Laurie Laufer (MC HDR, Paris 7), Olivier Mariaud (MC, Grenoble), Rostom Mesli (Michigan, États-Unis), Silvia Milanezi (Pr, Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne), Claudia Montepaone (MC, Federico II, Naples), Annalisa Paradiso (MC, Basilicata, Italie), Pascal Payen (Pr, Toulouse II), Alice Pechriggl (Pr, Klagenfurt, Autriche), Letizia Pelozi (doct. Naples), Sandra Pere-Nogues (MC, Toulouse II), Maxime Pierre (Paris 7), Gabriella Pironti (Chercheure, Federico II, Naples), Olivier Renaut (Paris Ouest), Nicolas Richer (Pr, ENS, Lyon)

Institutional partners

Atelier Genre Condorcet : http://www.campus-condorcet.fr/campus-condorcet/La-politique-scientifique/Les-ateliers-Condorcet/p-398-Genre.htm

CNRS, GIS Genre : http://www.mshparisnord.fr/gis-institut-genre/

Efigies : http://www.efigies.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=106&Itemid=32

EUGESTA : http://eugesta.recherche.univ-lille3.fr/

IEC : http://www.institutemilieduchatelet.org/

MNEMOSYNE : http://www.mnemosyne.asso.fr/

RING : http://www2.univ-paris8.fr/RING/

> Activities in 2014

­­­– Vendredi 17 janvier 2014, salle Mariette, INHA :
“Archéologies du mariage”, journée d’études organisée par E. Scheid Tissinier, avec les communications de Brigitte Lion (Lille 3), Evelyne Scheid (UP13), Guillaume Ducoeur (UStrasbourg), Sabone Armani (UP13), Sylvie Joye (UReims). → programme

– Vendredi 17 janvier 2014, MIE :
“C’est la fête !”, séance EFiGiES Antiquité animée par S. Boehringer, avec la participation de Andrew Lear (NYU) et Aude Chatelard (UStrasbourg) → programme

– Vendredi 4 avril 2014, Université de Toulouse
“Laisser son nom. Femmes et actes de mémoire dans l’Antiquité”, journée d’études organisée par Adeline Grand-Clément et Sandra Péré-Noguès. Avec Natacha Baboulène, Sandra Boehringer, Agnès Fine, Romain Guicharrousse, Claire Jacqmin, Claudine Leduc, Annalisa Paradiso, Jean-Marie Pailler, Violaine Sebillotte, Sandya Sistac → programme

– Samedi 12 avril 2014, salle Demargne, INHA :
“Femmes, Hommes, quelle différence ?” séance croisée avec EFiGiES Antiquité. Présentations de Zoé Pauvert (Ecole du Louvre) et Anne-Gabrièle Wersinger (Univ. Reims) → programme

– Samedi 17 mai 2014 :
“La Voix du genre, autour du livre de Maud Gleason, Mascarades masculines. Genre, corps et voix dans l’Antiquité gréco-romaine", Epel (1995) 2013, salle Benjamin, INHA, journée d’études organisée par Sandra Boehringer et Claude Calame. Présentation de Jean Allouch, Jean-Noël Allard, Danielle Arnoux, Véronique Dasen, Michel Briand et Adeline Adam → programme

– Vendredi 17 octobre 2014 :
Atelier de travail EURYKLEIA (matinée en salle Mariette), journée d’études : “Genre et généalogie en Grèce ancienne. Autour du Catalogue des femmes”, avec Kirk Ormand, USA, salle Vasari, INHA → programme

– Samedi 11 avril 2015 :
Journée d’études « Foucault, la sexualité, l’Antiquité : 30 ans après », journée organisée en partenariat avec Archimède (UMR 7044), le Centre Michel Foucault, l’Ecole lacanienne de psychanalyse et Efigies-Antiquité..

> Ongoing activities

The completion of an online database, EURYKLEIA, on named Greek women from the 8th to the 2nd century A.D. (see Carnet de recherche EURYKLEIA).
These women, or rather female figures, will be interpreted according to the rationale of each discursive context available to us. The objective is to make widely available the most exhaustive database possible to serve as a tool for discussing the question of norms and deviation in terms of naming women and their involvement (or representations of their involvement) in social space. The database will allow us to assemble enough material for reliable statistical analysis, while taking recently reedited documents into account. From a scholarly point of view, it will be interesting to assess how the (female) sex of the person mentioned is involved – if it is involved – whether to explain or modify her function, social action, or the gaze brought to bear on her. We will also attempt to create a history of the gaze placed on female personages by means of a genealogy of their perceptions, first ancient, then modern. Funding has been obtained by the research commission of Paris 1 under the heading “Politique Scientifique” (2014 and 2015).

> Prospects

June 2016 : Les Treilles seminar. Preparation of a volume of collected papers based on the EURYKLEIA project. Funding has been obtained from the Schlumberger Foundation.

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