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Knowledge of Statecraft in Republican Rome

> Participants

Directors

Sylvie Pittia (Paris 1)
Clara Berrendonner (Paris 1)
Julien Dubouloz (Aix-Marseille)

ANHIMA members

Maria Bats (Paris 1), Jean-Louis Ferrary (AIBL), Jean-Pierre Guilhembet (Paris 7), Jean-Claude Lacam (Paris 1), Raphaëlle Laignoux (Paris 1), Philippe Moreau (Paris 12)

Collaborators

Philippe Akar, Maria Luisa Bonsangue (Amiens), Pierre Cosme (Rouen), Mathieu Engerbeaud (Poitiers), Eva Hagen, Cyrielle Landrea, Xavier Lapray, Dario Mantovani (Pavie), Alexis Mèszàros (Paris 1), Jonathan Prag (Merton College, Oxford), Ghislaine Stouder (Poitiers)

> About

This program brings together teacher-scholar specialists in Republican Rome around the topic of the establishment of the knowledge and administrative techniques that constitute an imperial culture – imperial understood here in the sense imperium Romanum as a conglomeration of peoples and territories. This project will study how this culture developed first in Rome, then Italy, and then more broadly in the Mediterranean, including “ricochet effects” from the territories under Roman domination back toward the center of power. In sum, it will study the progressive growth and stratification of the body of knowledge and skills necessary to control Italy and then the provinces, the rhythm and ways in which this culture became more sophisticated, the obstacles and setbacks it encountered as it became generalized, Roman borrowings under the Republic, especially from the Hellenistic world, and Rome as a model in turn.
The program is divided into three projects to be conducted in tandem during the five-year contract 2014-2018 :
 
• Project 1 : “Birth of the Provincial Administration (Cicero, In Verrem 2.2)”
Coordinated by Julien Dubouloz and Sylvie Pittia. Clara Berrendonner, Jean-Louis Ferrary, Philippe Moreau, and Jonathan Prag will also take part. This team is preparing an edition, translation, and historical commentary of De praetura Siciliensi (Verr. 2.2) for the Latin series of CUF. This text concerns Verres’ abuse of power in exercising jurisdiction as well as his interference in the political organization of the cities of Sicily. So as to complement the historical commentary of the speech, the team periodically organizes workshops dedicated to key themes of De praetura Siciliensi.
 
• Project 2 : “The Production of Legal and Fiscal Culture at Rome and in its Empire (2nd-1st century B.C.)”
Directed by Clara Berrendonner, Julien Dubouloz, and Raphaëlle Laignoux. Collaborators include Maria Luisa Bonsangue, Jean-Louis Ferrary, Philippe Moreau, Sylvie Pittia, and Jonathan Prag. This research explores the formation and diffusion of government expertise – especially legal and fiscal – that ensued upon the establishment of a territorial empire in the 2nd-1st centuries B.C. The goal is to determine to what extent the magistrates appointed annually by the Roman authorities (the governor, his legates, and his cohort) relied on Romans settled permanently in the provinces for their familiarity with the terrain (representatives of publicans’ associations, land owners, negotiatores). This first stage leads to the question of the production of law, viewed particularly through the fiscal controversies involving publicans brought before Roman governors, and through the measures concerning publicans in the praetor’s edict. More broadly, while governors’ jurisdiction and relations with peregrine communities have been at the center of recent studies, it is now necessary to examine to what extent Roman regulations were intended to provide legal protection to Roman interests in the provinces. The investigation will focus on the 1st century B.C., from the governorship of Q. Mucius Scaevola in Asia to the Triumviral period. The findings of the investigation will be disseminated at workshops organized at the ANHIMA Center and in several published articles in scholarly journals.
 
• Project 3 “Conceiving, Constructing, and Writing the Unity of Republican Italy”
Coordinated by Maria Bats, Jean-Claude Lacam, and Sylvie Pittia. Collaborators include Philippe Akar, Pierre Cosme, Mathieu Engerbeaud, Jean-Pierre Guilhembet, Cyrielle Landrea, Raphaelle Laignoux, Xavier Lapray, and Ghislaine Stouder. This project will study the identity and unity of Italy from the 5th century B.C. to the establishment of the Augustan regions, taking regional contexts into account. Modern historiography has privileged Romano-centrism and the concept of Romanization : we will attempt to reconsider resistance toward and the failures of Roman hegemony, while also exploring the memory of the conquered peoples and the nostalgia they might express. The transition from the city-state to a state encompassing the Italian peninsula will be understood in its administrative, political, religious, military, social, and linguistic aspects. The investigation will combine an approach centered on ancient sources and historiography and a long-term approach that will do justice to modern historiography and the reception of Antiquity. In practical terms, the team will present its research at workshops that will result in the publication of a collection of articles.

> Ongoing and future projects

The program is organizing three Galerie Colbert exhibitions in 2014 :

‑ le 29 avril 2014, dans le cadre de l’opération 1, une conférence de Jean-Claude Lacam, « Les Tables Eugubines : un lieu de mémoire ? », suivi d’un débat animé par D. Briquel (Paris 4-Sorbonne, EPHE) → voir le programme

‑ le 27 septembre 2014, dans le cadre de l’opération 2, une journée d’études intitulée « Agents du recouvrement fiscal et constitution d’une culture administrative romaine au Ier siècle av. J.-C. et au Haut-Empire »
Interventions de G. D. Merola (Naples) et B. Le Teuff, avec pour discutants J. France (Bordeaux-Montaigne) et J.-L. Ferrary → voir le programme

‑ le 18 octobre 2014, dans le cadre de l’opération 3, un atelier avec M. Engerbeaud et E. Hagen (Histoire du Latium, titre à préciser), et pour discutant X. Lafon, intitulé « Historiographie et représentation des échecs militaires en Italie : l’ambivalence ennemi/allié »voir le programme

> Finished projects

The research of project 1 has led to several workshops over the past few years, the results of which have been published in the Cahiers du Centre Gustave Glotz :
• Atelier “Juridiction locale, juridiction romaine en Sicile et dans les provinces de l’empire romain”, ANHIMA, Paris (décembre 2010) ; communications parues dans les Cahiers du Centre G. Glotz, 21, 2010, p. 155-204, avec une introduction de J. Dubouloz et S. Pittia ; compte rendu de Cl. Berrendonner dans le Bollettino di studi latini, 41-1, 2011, p. 293-296.
• Atelier “La pragmatique judiciaire dans les Verrines de Cicéron”, ANHIMA, Paris (novembre 2011) ; communications parues dans les Cahiers du Centre G. Glotz, 23, 2012, p. 223-266, avec une introduction de J. Dubouloz et S. Pittia ; compte rendu de Cl. Berrendonner dans le Bollettino di studi latini, 42-1, 2012, p. 275-279.
• Atelier “Formulae iudiciorum. Le procès civil romain, son déroulement et ses formules” (novembre 2012) ; compte rendu de J. Dubouloz dans le Bollettino di studi latini, 43-1, 2013, p. 297-300.
• Atelier “Institutions et vie municipale dans la Sicile hellénistique et romaine (avant Auguste)” (novembre 2013) ; compte rendu de M. Engerbeaud dans le Bollettino di studi latini, 44-1, 2014, p. 149-152 ; communications à paraître dans les Cahiers du Centre G. Glotz, 2014.
 
The proceedings of the colloquium organized at the ANHIMA Center in November 2012, L’imperium Romanum en perspective (“The Imperium Romanum in Perspective”), have been published by the Presses universitaires de Franche-Comté (2014, ISBN 978-2-84867-432-2, ISTA ser.). This volume, edited by J. Dubouloz, S. Pittia, and G. Sabatini (Roma 3), reflects the work of the program on “knowledge of empire,” which received support from the Labex Hastec.
 
International workshops on “Roman Diplomacy : Reflections on a Practice,” organized by Jean-Louis Ferrary (EPHE), Sylvie Pittia (Paris 1), and Pierre Sánchez (University of Geneva), with support from the Labex Hastec :
• June 21-22, 2013, Paris
• October 31 – November 1, 2013, Geneva, Fondation Hardt.

The goal of both workshops was to fill a gap in modern historiography, especially regarding international relations and institutional history in a narrow sense. The field of study is vast, and the workshops propose to establish, for the first time, the methodological basis for an investigation of Roman diplomacy and its practices, particularly by drawing comparisons to other historical periods (from Classical Greece to the Middle Ages in the West).
The workshops are organized along four topics : diplomatic acts ; unofficial diplomacy ; diplomatic agents ; diplomatic protocol.
 
The proceedings will be published by PUFC in autumn 2014 (ISBN 978-2-84867-501-5), edited by B. Grass and G. Stouder.
A new workshop is planned for June 8-9, 2015, in collaboration with Enrique García Riaza (Universidad de las Islas Baleares) and Elena Torregaray Pagola (Universidad del País Vasco).
These meetings will take place at the University of Palma.

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